Above: Signed Photo of Fredrick Douglass.
Institutional purchases dominated the buying field at Swann Galleries’ auction of Printed & Manuscript African Americana on March 29. The top lots of the auction were almost entirely manuscripts, archives, early photographs or otherwise unique material. A large percentage—four of the top five, and 13 of the top 20—will be joining public collections.
The auction was led by an album of cartes-de-visite featuring abolitionists and African-Americans from the Boston area. The most popular lot during the preview week, it was something like a “little sister” to the album handled by Swann in 2017 that contained a previously unrecorded photograph of Harriet Tubman. It was purchased by an institution for $47,500, above a high estimate of $9,000.
An archive of six letters by Frederick Douglass, which had remained in a family collection since their receipt, led a significant selection of material related to the abolitionist. The correspondence addressed to his friend Ebenezer Bassett, concerned race relations, Haiti and politics; it provides fascinating new insights into the mindset of one of the greatest Americans toward the end of his life ($42,500). The only known complete copy of Farewell Song of Frederick Douglass, on Quitting England for America—the Land of his Birth, a songbook by Julia and T. Powis Griffiths, flew past its high estimate of $7,500 to reach $37,500. Another Douglass highlight was a signed cabinet card with his photograph, taken by George Kendall Warren. The image was used as the frontispiece for his third autobiography; it was purchased by an institution for $30,000, double its high estimate, and a record for a signed photograph of Douglass.
Additional records were set throughout the sale. A rare variant printing of the famous Plan of an African Ship’s Lowe Deck, with Negroes, in the Proportion of Not Quite One to a Ton, 1789, a powerful image from the early abolitionist movement, brought $16,250—a record for any of the dozens of versions issued. The classic freedman’s education narrative Mary S. Peake, the Colored Teacher at Fortress Monroe, circa 1863, by Lewis C. Lockwood, set a record at $3,750, while the first edition of Zora Neale Hurston’s Mules and Men, 1935, reached a record $4,250.
An archive of photographs from Café Society, the first important integrated nightclub in America, includes candid images of Lucille Ball, Rita Hayworth and Frank Sinatra, along with shots of performances by the Andrews Sisters and Josh White, Count Basie and various jazz ensembles. The nearly 300 photographs were found among the papers of the club’s promoter, Ivan Black, after it was unceremoniously closed in 1948. The archive was purchased for $20,000, above a high estimate of $3,000.
Specialist Rick Stattler noted that “after 22 years of fine catalogues put out by my predecessor Wyatt Houston Day, it was a challenge to do credit to this sale. Fortunately, the market for this important material shows no signs of slowing down. While results were strong overall, it was the most rare and unique material in this sale that brought out stiff competition, particularly from the institutional buyers.”
The next auction of Americana at Swann Galleries will be Printed & Manuscript Americana on April 12, 2018. The house is currently accepting quality consignments for autumn auctions.
Top lots Prices with buyer’s premium
47 Carte-de-visite album with 83 images of prominent African Americans & abolitionists, circa 1860s.$47,500 I
193 Frederick Douglass, Six Letters, to Ebenezer Bassett, concerning race relations and $42,500 D
Haiti, Washington, D.C., 1890-91.
185 Julia & T. Powis Griffiths, Farewell Song of Frederick Douglass, on Quitting England for $37,500 I
America, complete songbook, London, 1847.
190* Douglass, Signed cabinet card, by George Kendall Warren, Boston, circa 1879. $30,000 I
10 Letters concerning Gabriel Johnson, an enslaved man at Mount Vernon, to and from John $21,250 I
Augustine Washington, 1842-45.
298 Archive of photographs from Café Society, one of the first racially integrated nightclubs, New $20,000 D
York, circa 1938-48.
11 Moses Walker, letter to his enslaved mother, Hootenville, Georgia, January 1854. $16,900 I
1* Plan of an African Ship’s Lower Deck…, engraving, Philadelphia, 1789. $16,250 C
255 Malcolm X, Autograph Letter Signed from prison, one of the first to use his new name, 1950. $12,500 C
16 Myron H. Kimball, Wilson Chinn, a Branded Slave from Louisiana, albumen carte-de-visite, $11,875 I
New York, 1863.
194 Douglass, Autograph Letter Signed, to Johnson M. Mundy, sculptor, Washington, 1880. $10,625 I
46 Tintype of John Brown, sixth-plate, hand-tinted, circa 1860. $10,000 I
82 Louise E. Jefferson, archive of papers, including plans for her books, 1925-90. $10,000 I
29 David Redick, archive concerning the kidnapping of John Davis, 1791-1800. $9,375 D
39 David Ruggles, Letter Signed, urging the establishment of a Committee of Vigilance in Syracuse, $8,125 D
New York, 1838.
141 Paul Cuffe, Partially-printed Document Signed, Bond for his most famous ship, New Bedford, 1807. $7,000 D
162 Come Let Us Build a New World Together, poster of John Lewis, photo by Danny Lyon, circa 1962. $6,750 I
339 Daniel McDaniel, Autograph Letter Signed, offering to find a freedman’s wife and daughter, $6,750 I
Ville Platte, LA, 1872.
111 Vote Nov 5th, Huey Newton for U.S. Congress, Black Panthers poster, 1968. $6,500 I
235 Honor King: End Racism, placard, Memphis, 1968. $6,500 D
Key: * = Auction record; C = Collector; D = Dealer; I = Institution